Cambodia has taken a lot of initiatives for Gender Mainstreaming in year 2010. Ministry of Women's Affairs, Cambodia published lessons learned and emerging best practices on gender sensitivity in agriculture in year 2010. The publication titled 'Reaching Poor Rural Women: Gender Mainstreaming in Agriculture' features initiatives of Ministry of Women's Affairs (MOWA) and Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) for gender mainstreaming. Here are some highlights from the publication: (please see attached publication for complete stories)
Gender Mainstreaming in Agriculture
MOWA, MAFF and sub-national line agencies are cooperating on Gender Mainstreaming. They have appointed Provincial Gender Focal Point and District Gender Focal Points who will participate in all parts of project implementation and guarantee that gender is an integral part of poverty alleviation through agricultural development rather than a separate activity.
Monitoring and Evaluation for Gender Mainstreaming
Cambodian projects have developed a Case-Based Gender Process Monitoring System. With participatory process this system captures qualitative information related to social issues of women and children at ground level.The information is then analyzed and recommendations are given for the improvement in project implementation.
Certificate for Best Gender Performing Household
Provincial Department of Women’s Affairs (PDoWA) awarded the title of Model Farmer to the household of the village that best shares the roles and responsibilities between the man and woman in family and community life. Also they should have adapted the best agricultural techniques to increase their productivity and improve their livelihood. The identification of the Model Farmers is based on the following eight selection criteria:
1 - No cases of domestic violence
2 - Men are involved in the daily domestic tasks
3 - Good morale and relations with the neighbors
4 - General health status in the family is good
5 - Encourage women participation in the community development related activities
6 - Encourage school attendance and achievement of the children with equal attention given to daughters and sons
7 - Husband and spouse are engaged in close consultation for decision making
8 - Active in the group activities implementation
Gender Awareness Training
Gender awareness training was conducted to raise awareness about the status of women in society,women's rights and the appalling consequences of domestic violence. Training was organized by Commune Women & Children Focal Point (CWCFP),Commune Extension Workers (CEWs), with support of District Technical Support Team (DTST)
Income Generation Training for Women Groups
In order to increase poor women’s income by helping them diversifying their income generating activities trainings are being given to women groups. Trainings are organized by Provincial Gender Focal Point(PGFP), District Gender Focal Point (DGFP), Commune Women & Children Focal Point (CWCFP)and Commune Extension Workers (CEWs).
Other initiatives include:
Consultation and Intervention for cases of domestic violence and migration
Gender Mainstreaming action groups are started at National and provincial level
'Gender Forum', an open space for IFAD projects and other development agencies is established to discuss gender issues and practices in provinces